- Stone disease: kidney and bladder
- Voiding dysfunction in men and women i.e. ‘difficulty passing urine’
- Prostate enlargement
- PSA screening
- Blood in the urine
- Recurrent urinary tract infection
- Incontinence i.e. ‘urinary leakage’
- Vasectomy & family planning
- Penoscrotal surgery: circumcision, hydrocoele repair
The term ‘general urology’ encompasses a broad range of urological conditions arising from the genitourinary tract of both men and women.
Common urological problems, symptoms and signs include kidney stones, blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, urinary leakage (incontinence), and recurrent infection of the kidney and the bladder.
Whilst urologists are surgeons by training, the majority of urological complaints do not require surgery, and can be managed with medications and/or lifestyle modifications. On the other hand, some seemingly innocuous presentations (such as painless passage of blood in the urine) can represent a serious underlying disease. It is therefore important to discuss your symptoms and signs with your GP as soon as they arise to determine if further investigation and specialist referral are necessary.